The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is a safe and effective vaccine that protects against HPV infection. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) in the world, and a leading cause of cervical cancer.
In Nigeria, cervical cancer is the third most common cancer and the second most frequent cause of cancer deaths among women aged between 15 and 44 years. In 2020 – the latest year for which data is available – Nigeria recorded 12000 new cases and 8000 deaths from cervical cancer.
The HPV vaccine is most effective when given to girls and boys before they become sexually active, which is why it is recommended for girls aged 9-14 years old.
Are you a parent with questions about the HPV vaccine, this guide will help you understand the importance of the HPV vaccine, debunk myths surrounding it, and answer frequently asked questions.
Check each section for information to help you plan.
See frequently asked questions about the HPV vaccine
HPV and why the vaccine is important
What is HPV?
HPV is a group of related viruses that can infect the genital area, mouth, and throat. It is transmitted through sexual contact. Most HPV infections do not have any symptoms and clear on their own, but some can lead to serious health issues, including cancer.
Why is the HPV vaccine important?
Cancer Prevention: HPV vaccines can prevent several types of cancer, including cervical cancer.
Early Vaccination: It is most effective when given before exposure to the virus, which is why it is recommended for girls aged 9-14.
Herd Immunity: Widespread vaccination can protect unvaccinated individuals by reducing the overall prevalence of HPV.
Myths and Misconceptions About HPV Vaccines
Schedule a Visit:
If you have a daughter between the ages of 9-14, schedule a visit to a Primary Healthcare Centre near you, to discuss the HPV vaccine. A healthcare provider will address any concerns you may have and provide guidance on the vaccination schedule.
Share this guide with other parents, friends, and family members to spread awareness about the importance of the HPV vaccine.
Keep up-to-date with the latest information about HPV and the vaccine to make informed decisions about your child’s health.
Tips for Parents
- Talk to your daughter about the HPV vaccine and why it is important.
- Answer any questions she may have about the vaccine.
- Take your daughter to get the HPV vaccine at a government health facility.
The HPV vaccine is a safe and effective way to protect against HPV infection and HPV-related cancers. By understanding the facts about vaccinating your children, you contribute to a healthier future for the next generation.
If you have any questions or concerns about the HPV vaccine, talk to your doctor.